The rise of fascism and Marxism can indeed be understood as a symptom of a moribund social contract and the rigidity of societies that cannot adapt to a new socio-economic reality. The cramp that followed in the first half of the twentieth century could therefore be seen as a direct consequence of a poorly elaborated social contract. The new consensus, born from the ashes of World War II, could be summed up on the political front as the radical extension of the right to vote to the working class and, on the economic front, as the birth of the welfare state. These changes were constitutional and required adjustments in political processes, taxes and many others. In the new Republic, women were subordinate to men legally, economically and socially. .