National procedures for ratifying the agreement in the United States are governed by the legislation of the Trade Promotion Authority, which is also known as the fast-track authority. The provisions of the Convention cover a wide range of agricultural products, homelessness, industrial products, working conditions and digital commerce. Among the most important aspects of the agreement are improving U.S. dairy farmers` access to the Canadian market, guidelines for a greater proportion of automobiles produced in the three countries and not imported from other countries, and maintaining the dispute settlement system, which is similar to that contained in NAFTA.   Before we get closer, here`s a bit of a background. The World Trade Organization (WTO) is the multilateral organization that has established the basic rules of trade among its 164 member states, including the United States. Within the WTO, there are two non-tariff agreements that directly affect FDA regulators: the Agreement on the Application of Health and Plant Health Measures (SPS), which includes food and animal safety measures essential to the protection of human and animal health, and the agreement on technical barriers to trade or the CTA, which covers the technical rules necessary to ensure compliance with FDA requirements (and packaging). transparency, normative measures and compliance assessment. The USMCA establishes the highest level of a U.S. trade agreement for strong and effective protection and enforcement of intellectual property rights. This is a significant enhancement of NAFTA.
Nevertheless, in December 2019, following negotiations on the revision of the USMCA text signed in November 2018, substantial changes were made to Chapter 20 of intellectual property. This update of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) in the 21st century is the new standard for trade agreements. It will support trade and economic growth in North America, which benefit both sides, and strengthen the region`s global competitiveness. The USMCA touches almost every aspect of North American trade with new provisions that strengthen intellectual property protection, facilitate digital commerce, strengthen high-paying jobs in the automotive sector, and incorporate enforceable labour and environmental standards. The U.S.-Mexico-Mexico Agreement (USMCA) is a trade agreement between these parties. The USMCA replaced the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). Trade policy is a subject that does not necessarily come to mind when you think of the FDA. But in fact, there are two reasons why the FDA is closely following trade policy: protecting our rules and authorities and using trade agreements as a vehicle to promote public health.
On June 19, 2019, the Mexican Senate ratified the agreement (114 yes, 3 no, 3 abstentions).  Mexico`s ratification process will be completed when the President announces its ratification to the Federal Register. We commend the three governments for their cooperation in achieving free and fair trade within the framework of a strong regional agreement. On May 11, 2018, House Of Representatives spokesman Paul Ryan set May 17 as the deadline for congressional action. This deadline was not met and the agreement with Mexico was not reached until August 27, 2018.  At that time, Canada had not approved the agreement. Mexico`s outgoing President Enrique Pea Nieto, having left office on 1 December 2018 and requiring 60 days as a review period, the deadline for making the agreed text available was set at the end of September 2018, 30 September 2018. Negotiators worked around the clock and reached an agreement less than an hour before midnight on a draft text.