The main objective of the Potsdam conference was to put an end to the post-war period and to put into practice all that had been agreed in Yalta. While the Yalta meeting was rather friendly, the Potsdam conference was marked by differences of opinion that were the result of some important changes since the Yalta conference. The Potsdam conference took place in Potsdam from 17 July to 2 August 1945. (In some older documents, it is also called the Berlin Conference of the three heads of government of the USSR, the United States and the United Kingdom.   Participants were the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States, represented by Prime Minister Joseph Stalin, Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Clement Attlee and President Harry S. Truman. They met to decide how to manage Germany, which nine weeks earlier, on 8 May (Victory Day in Europe), had declared itself ready to surrender unconditionally. Among the objectives of the conference were the establishment of the post-war order, the issues of the peace treaty and the fight against the effects of war. Despite many disagreements, Allied leaders managed to reach some agreements in Potsdam. Negotiators thus confirmed the status of Germany demilitarized and disarmed among the four zones of the Allied occupation. According to the protocol of the conference, there should be “complete disarmament and demilitarization of Germany”; all aspects of German industry that could be used for military purposes should be removed; all German military and paramilitary forces should be eliminated; and the manufacture of all military equipment in Germany was prohibited. In addition, German society should be redeveloped by the repeal of all discriminatory laws of the Nazi era and by the arrest and trial of Germans considered “war criminals” on the democratic model. The German education and judicial system should be purged of all authoritarian influence and democratic political parties would be encouraged to participate in the management of Germany at the local and national levels.
However, the re-establishment of a German national government was postponed indefinitely and the Allied Control Commission (composed of four occupying powers, the United States, Great Britain, France and the Soviet Union) would rule the country during the interregnum. The Potsdam Agreement was the August 1945 agreement between three World War II allies, the United Kingdom, the United States and the Soviet Union. It was about the military occupation and reconstruction of Germany, its borders and the entire territory of the European theatre of war. He also looked at the demilitarization of Germany, reparations and the prosecution of war criminals. The Conference agreed on the creation of a Council of Foreign Ministers representing the five main powers, continuing the preliminary work essential for peace agreements and taking on other issues that could sometimes be entrusted to the Council, by mutual agreement between the governments concerned by the Council. The establishment of the Council in question did not contradict the agreement of the Crimean conference that there should be regular meetings between the foreign ministers of the three governments. After the text of the council`s institution agreement, it was decided: Japan rejected these conditions, despite the Allies` threat that “rapid and total destruction” would follow.